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Science Standards - Volcano Standards

1.  Plate tectonics explains important features of the Earth's surface and major geologic events.

d.  Earthquakes are sudden motions along breaks in the crust called faults, and volcanoes/fissures are locations where magma reaches the surface.
e.  Major geologic events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building result from plate motion.
f.  How to explain major features of California geology in terms of plate tectonics including mountains, faults, volcanoes.

2.  Topography is reshaped by weathering of rock and soil and by the trransportation and deposition of sediment.
d.  Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, wildlife habitats.

4.  many phenomena on the Earth's surface are affected by the transfer of energy through radiation and convection currents.

c.  Heat from Earth's interior reaches the surface primarily through convection.

6.  Sources of energy and materials differ in amounts, distribution, usefulness, and the time required fir their formation.

a.  The utility of energy sources is determined by factors that are involved in convertin these sources to useful forms and the consequences of the conversion process.

7.  Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations.

a.  Develop a hypothesis.
d.  Communicate the steps and results from an investigation in written reports and verbal presentations.

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Language Arts Standars


1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear, coherent, and focused essays. The writing exhibits students' awareness of the audience and purpose. Essays contain formal introductions, supporting evidence, and conclusions. Students progress through the stages of the writing process as needed.

Organization and Focus
1.1 Choose the form of writing (e.g., personal letter, letter to the editor, review, poem, report, narrative) that best suits the intended purpose.

1.2 Create multiple-paragraph expository compositions:
a. Engage the interest of the reader and state a clear purpose.
b. Develop the topic with supporting details and precise verbs, nouns, and adjectives to paint a visual image in the mind of the reader.
c. Conclude with a detailed summary linked to the purpose of the composition.

1.3 Use a variety of effective and coherent organizational patterns, including comparison and contrast; organization by categories; and arrangement by spatial order, order of importance, or climactic order.

Research and Technology
1.4 Use organizational features of electronic text (e.g., bulletin boards, databases, keyword searches, e-mail addresses) to locate information.
1.5 Compose documents with appropriate formatting by using word-processing skills and principles of design (e.g., margins, tabs, spacing, columns, page orientation).

Evaluation and Revision
1.6 Revise writing to improve the organization and consistency of ideas within and between paragraphs.

2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write narrative, expository, persuasive, and descriptive texts of at least 500 to 700 words in each genre. Student writing demonstrates a command of standard American English and the research, organizational, and drafting strategies outlined in Writing Standard 1.0.

Using the writing strategies of grade six outlined in Writing Standard 1.0, students:

2.3 Write research reports:
a. Pose relevant questions with a scope narrow enough to be thoroughly covered.
b. Support the main idea or ideas with facts, details, examples, and explanations from multiple authoritative sources (e.g., speakers, periodicals, online information searches).
c. Include a bibliography.

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