OverviewUse the first few days of this online course to become familiar with the Etudes interface and with the process of navigating through the material.
After visiting the various areas contained in this course, click on the Assignment link on the right and follow the instructions, introducing yourself and responding to another person's introduction.
Academic StandardsThe current "standards movement" in American Education is based on the concept of high academic standards for all students in order to help provide educational equity and bridge the achievement gap.
Before the Standards Movement
In 1992, the U. S. Department of Labor established a commission to determine the skills necessary for the new "global workforce." The SCANS (Secretaries Commission for Achieving Necessary Skills) Report created standards for the skills our young people need to succeed in the world of work. It challenged eduators to re-invent k-12 education to create a workforce for the emerging technology-based economy.
According to Challenging the Status Quo: The Education Record,1993-2000, our educational system was not graduating students with the skills necessary to be part of the growing knowledge-based economy. Consequently, the U.S. Department of Education initiated a series of school reforms to improve education through benchmarks for measuring student progress and teacher quality. It was believed that our education system had for too long condoned low expectations and low standards for disadvantaged children, and that Federal programs often reflected those expectations.
In 1994, the Improving America's Schools Act re-authorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), and the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, to support state and local school reform efforts to create challenging academic standards and assessments linked to standards.
The Educational Excellence for All Children Act of 1999 re-authorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). encouraging the federal government, individual schools, school districts, and states to promote educational excellence for all children.
State Reform MovementsSince the U.S. Constitution does not mention education, education is the job of state and local governments. In California, task forces were created to suggest reforms. From 1987 to 1992, these task forces published several documents including: "Itís Elementary,""Caught in the Middle," and "Second to None.î The state developed and revised frameworks for all content areas based on its seven-year textbook adoption cycle.
The Standards MovementIn the mid 1990s, the U.S. Department of Education developed the National Education Standards based on Goals 2000. Following this, individual states began to develop their own content standards. California's Public Schools Accountability Act of 1999 is attempting to improve education in California by providing rewards and interventions for improving student performance. These standards can be found as pdf files (requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader to download on the California Department of Education Web Site. They can also be found in each of the content areas on the SCORE (Schools of California Online Resources for Educators) Web Site.
ISTE has published National
Standards for both students and teachers. These can be found at http://cnets.iste.org/index2ns.html